Beginner driver 8Avoid panic before driving should be psychologically prepared, try to relax and don't be nervous.
to avoid nasty driving adventurousness, impatience, not. Mood irritable, easy loss, caused by operating errors. Should not be tired to see, can go without delay, can't do not freeze.
avoid first-time driving almost all a misunderstanding, think driving fast is riding high. In fact, Visual vehicle speed and keep a safe distance with the true skill. Because only "you me, you I slowly, you stop, I stop" is the guarantee of safety.
bogey beginning to drive because the drive is not ripe, "repository", but it should never be passionate, cultured. Since driving is not strolling, impulse is equal to an accident.
avoid corruption beginner driving mood is common sense, driving for too long is not good, is the psychological tension cause high blood pressure, physical fatigue; the second is caused by overactive brain of paste, can't tell driving behaviors is correct or not. After only a few stops to analysis, is improving. Of course, the best coaching, combined with the drive to explain main points.
it is the beginning step, drive is no exception. Believe that every driver has experienced nervous on the road for the first time, in front of an eye, hands clenched the steering wheel, body stiff forward and away from the vehicle in front, going slow, start stop or encounter a sloping road and traffic jams often stalled, and so on, this is the story of a novice, just a bit more attention are easy to identify. Objectively speaking, the novice does affect the speed of traffic, causing a number of accidents, a lot of people to the novice named "road killers" appellation. So some have "licked" newcomers in order to be forgiven, often on a sticker on the back windshield of his car "newbie please take care", "novice break-in" and so forth. No need to be so, every driver is from the "newbie" coming, driving is a combination of "skilled trades", as long as the cautious, pay attention to seriously solve our problems will soon say goodbye to ranks of novice. In order to help new to growing matured rapidly summarized newbie frequently asked questions and provides practical solutions for the majority of new references.
1th gauge: adjust driving posture
correct driving posture is very important for safe driving, not only can eliminate the fatigue of a long drive, ensure the driver's field of vision, and can also make driving more accurate, prompt and reasonable. Driving position associated with the steering wheel and seats. After you get in the driver's seat, we should deeply seated in the rear seat, on the waist and shoulders, leaned back in his chair. Feeling the distance before and after seating and backrest angle is appropriate, then put the arm in front, naturally hold the sides of the steering wheel. At this time, the wrist must be free to bend, activities. Legs you want to have some space, with his foot when you step on the clutch pedal, the brake pedal or throttle effortlessly, and body don't have to lean forward, at which point location is suitable. If it doesn't fit, you can slide back and forth the location of your seat, or adjust the seat back angle of tilt, so as to meet the above requirements.
not too nervous while driving, many beginners tend to feel back pain after the first on the road, mainly because not being seated, the body too much tension, body stiff with competing car, low back pain is inevitable. Do not remain in a position to drive the process of driving, to adjust sitting posture, reduce fatigue.
needs to be emphasized is, after adjustments for good driving position, please remember to fasten your seat belts, avoid during the drive suddenly not wearing seat belts and led to tensions and insecurity.
2nd meter: easy to break the steering wheel
after driving posture adjusting, and then there is the steering wheel's grip and operation. Hold the steering wheel position, to two hands shaking steering wheel at 3 and 9 o'clock direction (that is, level on both sides), elbows slightly bent as the best, because it can make the arm full of activity areas to quickly manipulate the steering wheel. Do not grip when holding the steering wheel, but hold the outer edge lightly. Many beginners are always hold on to the steering wheel, causing hand sweating, affecting the accuracy, and when a shift is also prone to abnormal steering, buried the accident potential.
operation according to the speed of the steering wheel with varying degrees of turn. High speed, steering wheel turns a smaller. Rotate both hands to operate, with a hand push, the other hand drop down alley-ways to turn the steering wheel.
steering wheel automatic return function, rapid rotation can relax in Palm leave the steering wheel to quickly return, but not allow it to rotate on their own, his hands still need to hold the steering wheel can keep control of the State.
some novice or when you turn the car to turn, put his hand into the inside of the steering wheel, this is the saying of "cutting wheel". This direction seems to avoid fatigue, but when the emergency, not back in time to do emergency in case of front direction on mutations, easily hurt and arms. Beginners should get rid of the bad habit.
3rd terms: familiar with the gear
most of the novice first road driving (with manual transmission, for example) and cars drive different, so the shift is very strange. If you don't take the time to familiarize yourself with gears, causing the direct consequence is that the drive does not know it yourself in a few block, often looked down at the gear lever, easily distracted causing a traffic accident. Especially when it encounters a complex road conditions, wrong block leads to stalling because of nervous or prone to hanging, so must be familiar with the gear on the road for the first time.
usually retaining the position of distribution will be clearly printed on the gear lever on the handle, when you get in the car you are not familiar with, being familiar with the different shift is the first step. Can use the following steps to familiarize with gear.
1. stay familiar with gear drives and
first look at the gear lever handle shift diagram at the top of the clutch pedal shift, note there is no reverse gear lock. To shift the relative familiarity will look away from the gear lever, with normal driving shift familiar gear.
Note: in-situ if you can't put it in gear when shifting, may, after stepping on the clutch pedal, press the clutch pedal shift again, generally hang smoothly into gear.
2. familiar with the gears
in an open area or the road traffic is small, familiar with the gear in the road. To adhere to without looking at the gear lever shift, while shifting to order when adding gear and attention practiced oil cooperation.
Note: to remember when you place the shift lever in neutral, moving attention to avoid suddenly appeared pedestrian, bicycle and motor vehicles.
4th meter: skilled oil off with
when driving a manual car, best oil off with not only makes the vehicle a smooth start, smooth power output, but also fuel and extend the life of the clutch. This novice skills tend to be the most difficult to master, often start stalling, body shaking. Shift clutch loose when driving too fast would cause, it will not only ruin car and feel very uncomfortable ride. Some unskilled novice due to clutch operation, to develop a customary step on the clutch pedal problems, causing the clutch long half-clutch State, accelerated damage to the clutch.
correct oil off with in conjunction with the speed adjustment. Beginning block location in neutral, the car the clutch pedal, and put the gear lever into 1 gear, release the clutch slowly, with the throttle, and starting the car. When you step on the clutch pedal to step on to the end, slowly release the clutch pedal feels the body shake and mobile trends, trend and appear to move when the vehicle has a slight jitter slow after refueling, continued to slowly release clutch until complete release, so that smooth vehicle starting.
vehicles in motion when shifting oil off with is equally important. As the speed increased, gradually shorten the process of oil off with, namely the release speed of the clutch pedal to accelerate. In order to ensure smooth shifting throttle also reasonably cooperate with, do not slam refueling. Ideal State is in the process of shifting a vehicle running smooth, gentle increase speed, instantaneous deceleration and acceleration was clearly not. Conversely, when slowing down to appropriate braking, when the vehicle is the right step on the clutch pedal when shifting.
5th account: find the shift timing
many beginners do not know when to shift, often a low gear high speed situations. Correct shift should be after the car started, as the engine speed increases, with different speed, change the appropriate gear.
typically, when the speed reaches a certain level, will increase engine noise, at which point you must block, shifting the timing of generally between engine speed is 2 500~3 000 r/min (different engine varies when used to read the user's manual). Novice if they don't learn to shift according to engine sound change, in this security situation, look at the tachometer, feeling the best shift speed when the engine sound changes. Gear shift the same principle, but when you going too fast, to reduce speed to the appropriate range, and then shifting.
some drivers used to according to the speed change gear, but this approach is not suitable for beginners, because novice's speed often is not established, it is recommended that novice and according to the engine speed shift method is used. But we should understand the different stages of speed gear. Vehicles with 5-speed manual transmission, for example, under normal circumstances, after the start when the speed below 20 km/h 2-speed should be selected, select 3-speed when the speed 20~60 km/h, when the vehicle is in between hanging into the 4-speed 60~80 km/h, if speed exceeds 80 km/h, you can hang a 5 block.
6th plan: learn to look six
limited the view of drivers in the car alone often can only see the front of the case to the naked eye, only with the help of the left, right, and rear car rear-view mirror and 2 exterior mirrors. While some driving moves, such as turning, reversing, and line and overtaking, and must use the rear-view mirror can be completed safely. So newbie the first thing to learn through the rear-view mirror to observe road conditions, so as to realize "eye six." Especially for drivers with learner driving his vehicle, learn how to use mirrors to observe road conditions is particularly important. In real world driving, the novice is often stared ahead, while ignoring the left, right, back, top and bottom 5 position, so how do you do "eye six"?
in the vehicle in the middle lane and the road is not very complicated cases, force yourself to a staring at the front of the eye is moved out, with the eyes of my eye was observed 3 rear-view mirror, above the pavement and vehicle, maintain your central Visual field in the Pan onto the open road – front and rear, left, right, top, and bottom. Ahead observation to as far; rear observation by in the, and left and right 3 a rearview mirror, see rear all lane Shang with car of distance and speed; left, and right observation from road of most left to most right, including opposite to car, left, and right roadside of parking, and pedestrian and junction in to turned out of vehicles; to Shang see to see signs and lights; down see to see Road logo line and road obstacles.
speed should not be too fast in the process of expanding horizons, and in ensuring the security situation, gradually expanding the scope of observation.
driving a long time staring at an object on the road is dangerous. To exercise your eyes move, therefore, do not specialize in car (vehicle) or other things, to learn how to fly. Also in line or super car, be sure to visit mirrors, avoid the effects of blind spots, and keep track of car.
7th plan devoted to practice parking in
most new headache is the parking, some people joke: Although many new to driving on roads like betrayed when a parking. Many beginners have a "parking-phobia", but also because they do not often stop, so exercise less, parking skills improving very slowly, so novice parking often scratch, this adds to new parking fears. What to do? Only one way, it is practiced, in the "master" special training under the guidance of various parking mode.
practice to focus on exercise 2 novices think difficult parking, one car before and after in the Middle spaces; the other is about a car leaving parking space in the middle.
into the first parking space Essentials are sure to pour, can draw in driving schools learn "transfer" approach, first to get of the car in place.
second spaces into place there are two ways, one is to enter, another is to pour. Fashionably forward drive is simple, attention to the distance around two cars, without prejudice to the left and open the door. Pour could be drawn upon in driving schools learn "stick" and "pour" method.
8th total: tried repeatedly to train
novices tend to judge good of distance from the vehicle, so often the situation is far from the front, influence the speed of traffic, and created conditions to other vehicles in its front, resulting in a potential accident. Some bold new car very close to, but less capable of dealing with an emergency, once the vehicle to slow or stop quickly, and are prone to crash. So how do car distance right?
Different road conditions and the distance to vehicles under different speed varies. Total is one of the principle must keep a safe distance between cars before and after. When the vehicle deceleration or braking, there is a sufficient safety distance between the two cars, so as to have enough time for car drivers react braking measures taken. While maintaining following distance limited and can effectively prevent the front of the vehicle in the other lane at will into its own. Newbie on best practice at different road conditions, practice when a number of travel lanes in the same direction of the road, traffic lanes next to the reference vehicle following distance when he verified, but the process should be gradual, following distance from big to small, until a reasonable safe following distances.